My Abhinandan Educational And Welfare Society

Child Labour in India: A Persistent Issue and the Role of NGOs

Child Labour NGO in India

Child labour is a pressing issue in India that continues to affect millions of children, depriving them of their childhood, education, and a chance for a better future. Despite various legal measures and international conventions, child labour remains prevalent due to a complex web of socio-economic factors. This article will shed light on the problem of child labour in India, provide some accurate facts, and discuss how non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are playing a vital role in addressing this issue.


Child Labour Facts in India:

  • Prevalence: India has one of the highest numbers of child labourers in the world, with estimates ranging from 10 to 12 million child labourers.
  • Age Group: Children engaged in child labour typically fall between the ages of 5 and 18, with the majority being in the 14-18 age group.
  • Sectors: Child labour exists in various sectors, including agriculture, domestic work, construction, and the informal sector.
  • Hazardous Work: A significant number of child labourers are engaged in hazardous work, exposing them to physical and psychological risks.
  • Gender Disparity: Girls are disproportionately affected, often working as domestic helpers or in the hidden and informal sectors.

Causes of Child Labour in India:

  • Poverty: Poverty is a primary driver, as many families rely on child labour to supplement their income.
  • Lack of Education: Limited access to quality education, particularly in rural areas, pushes children into the workforce.
  • Informal Economy: The prevalence of unregulated and informal sectors makes it easier for children to be employed without legal consequences.
  • Cultural Norms: Societal norms and traditions, such as caste-based occupations and family expectations, can perpetuate child labour.
  • Weak Enforcement: Inadequate enforcement of child labour laws contributes to the persistence of the issue.

Role of Child Labour NGOs in India:

NGOs in India play a crucial role in combating child labour by undertaking various initiatives:

Awareness and Advocacy: NGOs work to raise awareness about child labour issues through campaigns, seminars, and workshops. They advocate for stronger child labour laws and their effective implementation.

Rescue and Rehabilitation: NGOs often operate shelters and rehabilitation centers for rescued child labourers. These facilities provide them with a safe environment, education, healthcare, and counseling.

Education Initiatives: My Abhinandan run educational programs to provide formal and non-formal education to children at risk of or rescued from child labour. They also offer vocational training to older children to equip them with employable skills.

Livelihood Support: Some NGOs focus on empowering parents and families economically, enabling them to break the cycle of poverty and reduce reliance on child labour.

Legal Support: NGOs offer legal assistance to child labourers and their families, helping them access their rights and seek justice against employers who exploit them.

Monitoring and Reporting: NGOs work in collaboration with government agencies to monitor and report cases of child labour. They also conduct surveys and research to collect data and assess the prevalence of child labour.



Child labour NGO in India is a grave social issue with deep-rooted causes, but Our NGOs are making significant efforts to combat it. Through their multifaceted approach, these organizations contribute to rescuing and rehabilitating child labourers, providing education and vocational training, advocating for policy changes, and addressing the socio-economic factors that perpetuate child labour. While progress has been made, continued efforts from both government and non-governmental sectors are essential to eliminate child labour and ensure a brighter future for India’s children.


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